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BLOG and FORUM about Open Source

- This website provides a number of things about open source. Among the items found on the website as an introduction This is the portal of the University. In it there are things or bulletin about open source. In addition, there are also some software, video collection and a collection of the lecturers of open source to be a reference point all of us.
    - Planet Malaysia Open Source Communities blog is a compilation of RSS feeds from all website and blog releated to Open Source In Malaysia. Among the all website such as LinuxMalaysiaBlog, LinuxWave, Planet Malaysia Open Source Comunities and the other website.

      - This website is a List of Open Source softwares and solutions. A compilation list of free and open source softwares or applications for windows and Linux. Open Source Softwares are free to download and installed.

        -This website is a  share ideas on expanding Malaysia to use Open Source Software (OSS) and create an innovative society. It an interest is in, LibreOffice, Linux, Moodle, Android, GIMP, Joomla and the list goes on.

        Besides that, you all can visit this blog for information about Linux in more detail: 

            - This forum was developed is to serve as reference for the students in a learning related to Open Source. The Forum also called articles. Among the forum or articles available in this website is the Install Gnome desktop and Gnome Display Manager on OpenBSD 4.8, Linux boot process and the other articles.
              - There are many free open source forum system (bulletin board, message board) written in PHP, ASP.NET and Perl. Below is a list of my favor free open source forum collections. I only listed out those forum which has detail documentation, good community support.

              The indented, italicized sections below appear as annotations to the Open Source Definition (OSD) and are not a part of the OSD. A plain version of the OSD without annotations can be found here.

                  Promote Open Source Software ( OSS )

                  The most basic definition of open source software is software for which the source code is distributed along with the executable program, and which includes a license allowing anyone to modify and redistribute the software. Source code is the actual instructions which programmers write to create a piece of software, the "recipe" for the program. 

                  Once a program has been "compiled" into a form which can be installed and run on a computer, its source code is irretrievable. It is practically impossible to make changes to a program without having a copy of its source code. If a program's license includes the right to modify the program, this right is meaningless unless the source code is readily available.

                  Actual licenses for OSS vary between different companies and development projects, but they have certain characteristics in common. The Open Source Initiative, a group of developers who disseminate information on the benefits of open source, has posted on its web site a "meta-definition" of basic conditions which they feel should be included in an OSS license.

                  Previously, we did wrote about advantages of open source software. As you can see, there a lot of advantages in open source software. So, why there still so many people refuse to use open source software and how we can promote and develop interest for them?? Firstly, we have to spread or advertise the advantages of open source software through some resources like :
                  •    Blog
                  •    Social network
                  •    Newspaper
                  •    Popular forum
                  Secondly, we can try to invite these people to join or just check open source community or forum. So that they know and can wash away the assumption that using open source software is hard and complicated. Usually in forum, they can get a bit of introduction about open source software.

                  Thirdly, for those who already show a bit of interest, we need to suggest a few of open source operating system and open source software that use GUI (Graphic User Interface). It’s a perfect strategy to support the beginner. We also can invite them to join the open source community or forum. At there, they can get advise and get a lot of information about open source software.

                  Fourthly, we can try to burn the assumption that open source software only for poor people by lists a few of big company that use open source software. We also can use personality influence by list a few of famous heir, artist or actor who use open source software.

                  Lastly, we hope all the suggestion give a big help to promote open source software. By using open source software, user can have financial saving, feel rapid development, avoid lock-in to one supplier and others. It’s important for them to know these advantages to get them interest in open source software and use it.

                  Finally, as discussed above, open source and open standards go hand in hand. 
                  •  Simple, open communications protocols and standards of compatibility facilitate OSS development, as they form a fundamental building block of any OSS project.
                  • OSS projects have been able to gain a foothold in many server applications because of the wide utility of highly commoditized, simple protocols, writes Microsoft's Valloppillil.
                  • Significantly, the strategy proposed in that document for competing against OSS is extending these protocols and developing new protocols, which imply replacing open standards with proprietary ones. 
                  • It is precisely this sort of predatory practice which the government should oppose, both on antitrust grounds and specifically to prevent Microsoft from using its control of protocols to interfere with OSS development.
                  • The government should more vigorously lend its support to the open standards developed by industry, such as the Internet Engineering Task Force's standard set.
                  Beside descried  about promote open source above, the most important open source software used by Government has the ability to promote the widespread use and continued development of open source software through its purchasing policies. Not only would many government agencies benefit from the added reliability and security which OSS products provide, but the increased demand for these products would encourage more corporations and independent programmers to embrace OSS methods.  Open source software has natural strengths which benefit individual users. Above and beyond this, the widespread use of open source software holds advantages for the economy as a whole, and it is for this reason that a careful program of government promotion and encouragement would be justified and beneficial.

                  History Of Open Source

                  This is a timeline-style look at how free and open-source software has evolved and existed from its inception. The phrase "free software" refers to software that is liberally licensed, allowing the end user more freedoms than conventional-software licences. This is not to be confused with software which is available to the end user at no cost, which is known as freeware. Free software may be distributed with or without charge.

                  Richard Stallman

                  • In 1983, Richard Stallman launched the GNU Project to write a complete operating system free from constraints on use of its source code.
                  • Particular incidents that motivated this include a case where an annoying printer couldn't be fixed because the source code was withheld from users. 
                  • Stallman also published the GNU Manifesto, in 1985, to outline the GNU project's purpose and explain the importance of free software.
                  • Another probable inspiration for the GNU project and its manifesto was a disagreement between Stallman and Symbolics, Inc. over MIT's access to updates Symbolics had made to its Lisp machine, which was based on MIT code.

                  Linus Torvalds

                  • The Linux kernel, started by Linus Torvalds, was released as freely modifiable source code in 1991.

                  • The license wasn't a free-software licence, but with version 0.12 in February 1992, Torvalds re-licensed the project under the GNU General Public License. 

                  • Much like Unix, Torvalds' kernel attracted the attention of volunteer programmers. 

                  • The combination of the almost-finished GNU operating system and the Linux kernel made the first complete free-software operating system. Among Linux distributions, Debian GNU/Linux, begun by Ian Murdock in 1993, is noteworthy for being explicitly committed to the GNU and FSF principles of free software. 

                  • The Debian developers' principles are expressed in the Debian Social Contract. Since its inception, the Debian project has been closely linked with the FSF, and in fact was sponsored by the FSF for a year in 1994–1995. 

                  • In 1997, former Debian project leader Bruce Perens also helped found Software in the Public Interest, a non-profit funding and support organization for various free-software projects. GNU/Linux remains free software under the terms of the GNU GPL, and many businesses offer customized Linux-based products, or distributions, with commercial support. 

                  • The naming remains controversial. Referring to the complete system as simply "Linux" is common usage. However, the Free Software Foundation, and many others, advocate the use of the term "GNU/Linux", saying that it is a more accurate name for the whole operating system. 

                  Eric Raymond

                  • In 1997, Eric Raymond published The Cathedral and the Bazaar, a reflective analysis of the hacker community and free-software principles.
                  • The paper received significant attention in early 1998 and was one factor in motivating Netscape Communications Corporation to release their popular Netscape Communicator Internet suite as free software. 
                  • This code is today the basis for Mozilla Firefox and Thunderbird.
                  • Netscape's act prompted Raymond and others to look into how to bring free-software principles and benefits to the commercial-software industry. 
                  • They concluded that FSF's social activism was not appealing to companies like Netscape, and looked for a way to rebrand the free-software movement to emphasize the business potential of the sharing of source code.

                  Matthias Ettrich

                  • KDE was founded in 1996 by Matthias Ettrich, who was then a student at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen. At the time, he was troubled by certain aspects of the Unix desktop. 
                  • Among his concerns was that none of the applications looked, felt, or worked alike. 
                  • He proposed the creation of not merely a set of applications but a desktop environment in which users could expect things to look, feel, and work consistently. He also wanted to make this desktop easy to use, one of his complaints about desktop applications of the time was that his girlfriend could not use them. 
                  • His initial Usenet post spurred a lot of interest, and the KDE project was born. 
                  • KDE is an international free software community producing an integrated set of cross-platform applications designed to run on Linux, FreeBSD, Microsoft Windows, Solaris and Mac OS X systems. 
                  • It is best known for its Plasma Desktop, a desktop environment provided as the default working environment on many Linux distributions, such as Kubuntu, Pardus and openSUSE